книга Good Data

А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
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Good Data

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Название: Good Data
Автор: Angela Daly, Monique Mann, S. Kate Devitt
Страниц: 373
Формат: PDF
Размер: 24.72 MB
Качество: Отличное
Язык: Английский
Год издания: 2019


 In recent years, there has been an exponential increase in the collection, aggregation and automated analysis of information by government and private actors. In response to this there has been significant critique regarding what could be termed 'bad' data practices in the globalised digital economy. These include the mass gathering of data about individuals, in opaque, unethical and at times illegal ways, and the increased use of that data in unaccountable and discriminatory forms of algorithmic decision-making.

This edited collection has emerged from our frustration and depression over the previous years of our academic and activist careers critiquing these dystopian 'Bad Data' practices. Rather, in this text on 'Good Data' we seek to move our work from critique to imagining and articulating a more optimistic vision of the datafied future. We see many previous considerations of Bad Data practices, including our own, as only providing critiques rather than engaging constructively with a new vision of how digital technologies and data can be used productively and justly to further social, economic, cultural and political goals.

Moving away from the strong body of critique of pervasive 'bad data' practices by both governments and private actors in the globalized digital economy, this book aims to paint an alternative, more optimistic but still pragmatic picture of the datafied future. The authors examine and propose 'good data' practices, values and principles from an interdisciplinary, international perspective. From ideas of data sovereignty and justice, to manifestos for change and calls for activism, this collection opens a multifaceted conversation on the kinds of futures we want to see, and presents concrete steps on how we can start realizing good data in practice.

Contents:

1: Introduction: What is (in) Good Data? 8

THEME 1: GOOD DATA MANIFESTOS AND PRACTICES
2: Good Data Practices for Indigenous Data Sovereignty and Governance 26
3: The Good Data Manifesto 37
4: The Good, the Bad and the Beauty of ‘Good Enough Data’ 54
5: An Energy Data Manifesto 77

THEME 2: GOOD DATA AND JUSTICE
6: Trade-offs in Algorithmic Risk Assessment: An Australian Domestic Violence Case Study 96
7: Unlawful Data Access and Abuse of Metadata for Mass Persecution of Dissidents in Turkey: the ByLock Case 117
8: Not as Good as Gold? Genomics, Data and Dignity 135
9: Data Localization: Policymaking or Gambling? 156

THEME 3: GOOD DATA AS OPEN AND SHARED DATA
10: Making Data Public? The Open Data Index as Participatory Device 174
11: Data Journalism and the Ethics of Open Source 189
12: Governance of Communal Data Sharing 202

THEME 4: GOOD DATA ACTIVISM AND RESEARCH
13: Provocations for Social Media Research: Toward Good Data Ethics 216
14: Data for the Social Good: Toward a Data-Activist Research Agenda 244
15: Good Data is Critical data: An Appeal for Critical Digital Studies 260
16: The Fieldnotes Plugin: Making Network Visualisation in Gephi Accountable 277

THEME 5: GOOD DATA AND SMART CITIES AND HOMES
17: Algorithmic Mapmaking in ‘Smart Cities’: Data Protection Impact Assessments as a means of Protection for Groups 298
18: Truly Smart Cities. Buen Conocer, Digital Activism and Urban Agroecology in Colombia 317
19: Intelligent Warning Systems: ‘Technological Nudges’ to Enhance User Control of IoT Data Collection, Storage and Use 330
20: Domesticating data: Socio-Legal Perspectives on Smart Homes and Good Data Design 344
Bibliographies 361


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