Austro-Hungarian Submarines in World War I
Название: Austro-Hungarian Submarines in World War I
Автор: Zvonimir Freivogel
Размер: 218 МВ
Язык: Английский Чешский
Год издания: 2007
Austrian submarines of the First World War were known as ""U-boot"", an abbreviation of Unterseeboot.
This book details the history of the development and operational use by the Austro-Hungarian navy of submarines in WWI. German use of submarines in WWI is well known - but this is the fascinating and little-known history of their major ally's activities in undersea warfare. The book contains descriptions and specifications of all the boats involved and is profusely illustrated with scale drawings and many rare archive photographs.
The Austro-Hungarian U-boat fleet during the First World War mainly consisted of German manufactured units transported by rail from Germany's northern shipyards to the Austrian ports on the Adriatic Sea. They served throughout the war against Italian, French and British shipping in the Mediterranean Sea with some success, losing eight of the twenty eight boats in service in return. Following the end of the war in 1918, all Austrian submarines were surrendered to the Entente powers, who disposed of them individually. As both Austria and Hungary became landlocked in the aftermath of the war, no Austrian or Hungarian submarines (or any other naval vessels) have been commissioned since.
In some sources Austro-Hungarian U-boats are referenced with Roman numerals as a way to distinguish them from German U-boats with similar numbers, but the Austro-Hungarian Navy itself used Arabic numerals. There are gaps in the numbering for several reasons. One series of Austro-Hungarian U-boats under construction in Germany was sold and commissioned into the Imperial German Navy. In other cases, U-boats commissioned into the Imperial German Navy were temporarily assigned Austro-Hungarian numbers when they operated in the Mediterranean. One final reason, in the case of the unassigned U-13, was superstition.
This is a list of all U-boats commissioned into the Austro-Hungarian Navy. (Submarines on which construction was begun but which were not completed or commissioned during World War I are not included.)
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